In 2011 India’s census came in full. of Child Labour , aged 5 to 14, to reach 10.1 million, out of every 259,64 million children in that age group. The problem of child labor is no different in India; worldwide, about 217 million working children, many of them full-time.
As per the Child and Adolescent Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, amended in 2016 (“CLPR Act”), “Child” is defined as any person under the age of 14. he CLPR Act prohibits the employment of a child in any any work including domestic help.
It is a criminal offense to be recognize for hiring a Child for any work. Children between the ages of 14 and 18 are classify as “Adolescent” and the law allows Adolescent to be employe outside of hazardous materials and processes including mines, explosives and explosives-related work or any other hazardous process in terms of the Factories Act, 1948 . In 2001, an estimated 1% of all child labor workers, or about 120,000 children in India were in hazardous work. Significantly, India’s Constitution prohibits the use of children in hazardous industries as a fundamental right under Article 24.
Companies including Gap,  Primark, Monsanto have been criticized for using children’s products. The companies claim to have a strict anti-trafficking policy for their children. But there are many ways to connect to the mall that makes it difficult to handle everything. In 2011, after three years of Primark’s efforts, the BBC acknowledged. Its investigative report on winning Primark’s Indian child prize in India was false. The BBC apologizes to Primark, to Indian providers and to all its viewers. Another company that has been heavily tested was Nike. Nike was under pressure to comment on allegations made by broadcasters exposing children that the company had been exploiting its rescuers.
Since then Nike has come up with a unique web page that shows exactly where they get their products and where their products are made.
In December 2014, the U.S. Department of Labor It produced a List of Personnel or Integrated Workers’ Products and Integrated Workers and India among the 74 countries where it has been recognized that there is a critical crisis of working conditions. Unlike other countries [required clarification], the goods are said to be made in India, most of which are manufactured by child laborers in the manufacturing sector.
Provide a legal basis for identifying, prosecuting and suspending child labor in India.
The term ‘children’s work’, the ILO suggests, is better describe as a work that deprives children of their childhood, energy and dignity, and that harms their physical and mental development. He also intervenes in their learning by giving them the opportunity to go to school; forcing them to drop out of school early; or you need them to try to combine going to school with a long and hard work.
UNICEF defines child labor differently. The child, suggests that UNICEF, is involve in child labor activities between the ages of 5 and 11, working at least one hour of economic work or at least 28 hours of homework per week, and in cases of children between the ages of 12 and 14. age, at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 42 hours of economic activity and homework per week. UNICEF in one report states, “Children’s work needs to be seen to be progressive.,
Destructive or ultimately exploitative and rewarding work – to encourage or promote the development of children without interfering with their learning, entertainment, and relaxation – on the other hand. And between these two poles are large areas of work that need not be detrimental to the child’s development. “
The Office of the Census 2001 India, defines child labor as the participation of a child under the age of 17. This job includes temporary assistance or unpaid work on a farm, family business or any other economic activity such as farming and producing milk for sale or home use. The Indian government divides child labor into two groups: The main workers are those who work six months or more a year. And the reduced child workers are those who work at any time during the year but less than six months a year.
Some children’s rights activists say that child labor should include all out-of-school children because it is a covert operation for children.
After its independence from colonial rule, India passed basic protections and child labor laws. The Constitution of India in the Constitution and the Guidelines of the National Policy prohibits the work of children under the age of 14 in any factory or mine or palace or in any other dangerous occupation (Section 24). The Constitution also stipulates that India, in 1960. It will provide free and compulsory free education infrastructure and resources to all children aged six to 14 years. (Section 21-A and Article 45).
India has a form of organizational government, and the work is a lesson in the Joint List, both central governments can and can legally regulate child labor. Major legal developments nationally include the following:
Factories Act of Land Act of 1948: The law prohibits the employment of children under the age of 14 in any factory. The law also stipulates when and when those who work between the ages of 15-18 can be employed.
Consequences of child labor
A small fruit vendor on the streets of Kolkata
The presence of a large number of child laborers is considering to be a major economic constraint. Working children fail to get the necessary education. They do not have the opportunity to grow physically, mentally, and mentally and emotionally. In terms of children’s physical condition, children are not ready to do a long-term physical activity because they get tires much faster than adults.
Working children, instead of going to school, will always be illiterate which limits their ability to participate in their own well-being and in the community in which they live.
Workers in India are employed by the majority (70%) in agriculture some working in the low-skilled labor sector such as sari Wewing or as domestic helpers, in need of formal education or training, but others in heavy industry such as coal mines.
According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), there are significant economic benefits for developing countries by sending children to school instead of working.
Without education, children do not have the necessary skills such as learning English and mastering technologies that will increase their productivity to enable them to get high-skilled jobs in the future with higher incomes that will lift them out of poverty.
The diamond industry
In 1999, the International Labor Organization published a report with the Universal Alliance of Diamond Workers, a trade union. An ILO report stated that child labor is common in the Indian diamond industry. The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) in a separate media statement in 1997. The South Gujarat Diamond Workers Association, another trade union, has acknowledged. Child labor exists but is unplann , less than 1%, and compare to local industrial norms.
According to the 1999 ILO paper, India annually cuts and carries 70 percent of the world’s diamonds by weight. In addition, India contributes 95 percent emerald, 85 percent rubles, and 65 percent emeralds worldwide. India processes these diamonds and gems using traditional methods to strengthen the workers. About 1.5 million people are employes in the diamond industry, mainly in the informal sector. The industry is divide into smaller units, each employing fewer workers. The sector has not reache the top, it is organize , and the main staff is absent.
mployees do not know the business name of the export order. In this area, according to an ILO report. The exact number of child laborers in the Indian diamond and gem industry is unknown; they estimated that child labor in 1997 was between 10,000 and 20,000 out of 1.5 million workers. The ILO report states that the causes of child labor include parents sending their children to work. Because they see education as more expensive, the quality of education less real, and artistic work in the diamond and gem industry will be more rewarding as the child grows older.
The village of Sivakasi in South India, known for its fire extinguishers and matches, reportedly hired child laborers to make explosives. The firefighting industry employs about 150,000 people on an average of 15 workers in each industry. Most of these were in the informal sector, with a few registered and organized companies.
In 1989, Shub Bhardwaj reported that child labor exists in the Indian fire brigade, and security is in jeopardy. Child labor is common in low-income jobs in the informal sector. large corporations did not employ children and had high security practices and resources. Children’s work in small, informal sectors, suffers from long working hours, low wages, unsafe conditions and stressful schedules.
A recent report by the International Labor Organization (ILO) states that child labor is important in Tamil Nadu firefighting, sports, or incense burners. Manufacturers often work hard to supply the supply chains of domestic fire extinguishers, matches, or incense sticks. The ILO report states that as the demand for these products has grown, the organized economy and business organizations. His has increased children’s performance capacity. Such undercover activities make research and practice more difficult, suggests the ILO.
According to a 2003 report by Human Rights Watch, children under the age of five are employ. And work up to 12 hours a day and six to seven days a week in the silk industry. The children, they say, are arresting; or the Indian government denies that there are children enslave 10 a day.
In 2012, a German news report reported that in states such as Karnataka. But today, after joining UNICEF and NGOs, the number of child workers is at a low level.
Siddartha Kara receives about 20 percent of the carpets produced in India which may include child labor. Kara’s research also found differences in child labor practices between racial and religious groups. As well as the existence of debts working for children in Muslim villages.
The official estimates of child labor in domestic and restaurant work are over 2,500,000. While NGOs estimate that it will be estimated at 20 million. It also as employees in restaurants, dhabas, hotels, spas, and dormitories from 10 October 2006.
Ways to combat child labor in India
In 1979, the Indian government set up a Gurupadswamy Committee to find child employment resources and ways to deal with them. The Child Protection Act and the Regulation Act were draft based on the committee’s recommendations in 1986. National Child Employment Policy was establish in 1987 to focus on rehabilitating children working in high-risk areas. The Department of Labor and Employment has been working on about 100 jobs for the National Children’s Labor sector to rehabilitate child workers since 1988.
The Indian government has enacted a wide range of actions, laws, organizations, and institutions to combat the prevalence of child labor. Some of the initiatives include the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act. Which is part of the law that prohibits children from engaging in certain activities and regulates child labor conditions? The Department of Labor and Employment to provide and manage a list of child labor policies in India. However, these efforts have met with limited success.
There is a popular saying that “There is no reason, no excuse, child abuse is child abuse.”
Child labor is caused by a number of factors. Among them are poverty, the high demand for illiterate workers, the high cost of education, and illiteracy. There are also some long-term social impacts such as causing certain health issues among children.
The effects of poverty on children are enormous and lead to a lifelong struggle. Especially when children do not have access to basic education.
Produces Employment-Education and unemployment are also associated. If the fruits of education are not distributed equally among the majority of the people of our country.
In other words, disseminating literacy to the ongoing change of society in which we live. Children’s literacy also contributes to economic development and increases the country’s GDP.