Social discrimination :World Psychiatric Association (WPA) in its 2014-2017 program, decided to look at the mental health agenda and the discrimination against mentally ill people. The WPA represents over 250,000 psychiatrists from 117 countries around the world, and as a result they are passionate and committee to challenge discrimination.
It has released the Center for Mental Health Law to conduct as many international surveys as possible, learning about its workplace discrimination laws, voting rights, sponsorships and other factors that may exist in each practice.
As mentioned in the case of apartheid (UNESCO, 1967), all individuals belong to the same species and descend from the same cell.
Therefore, no illness – whether mental or physical, serious or chronic – should lead to discrimination of any kind.
Social discrimination against mentally ill people is a global problem and includes a variety of sectors that have an impact on daily living and daily functioning.
Social discrimination seems to be embedder in the system and, therefore, can be increase and affect, and stop people from reaching their full potential and, most importantly,
by calling on them to change their identity. Minorities related to race, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation, and other factors play a role in the mental illness label.
Social discrimination is define as the insecure inequalities between people on the basis of illness, disability, religion, sexual orientation,
or any other means of difference.
Social justice is aim at promoting a just and equitable society, promoting diversity, providing equal opportunities for all its members,
irrespective of their disability, nationality, gender, age, sexual orientation or religion, and ensuring equitable distribution of resources and support for their rights.
Any number of different factors, including those mentioned above, but also education, social class, political affiliation, beliefs,
or other factors can lead to discriminatory behavior, especially by those who may have some degree of power in their hands.
Discrimination is a discriminatory condition and is easily use in people with mental illness (especially in those who are very ill and we have that condition such as
schizophrenia and respiratory disorders), and a full and full spread leads to racist attitudes and habits.
Prejudice can also explain the negative state of morality and behavior,
as well as negative perceptions and structures that create and perpetuate inequalities.
In their book Ghost Level, Wilkinson and Pickett (2010) ask why there are points of human success and professional achievement,
we find ourselves anxious, prone to stress, anxious about how others perceive us, unsure of our friendships, driven by food and little or no social life ”( pp. 3).
Social contract, social capital, and social networks all seem to be lacking.
With these changes, perhaps social stigma is increasing, as not only tolerates people
with mental illness but also against gender, other forms of disability, religion,
and other factors, which identify people as not ‘us’ but ‘them’.
Perhaps embedder within prejudice is a sense of shame, which has been identify as
a social feeling that shame is associated with feeling stupid, foolish, funny, inadequate, defective, etc.
Social justice means that all institutions-structures and processes should be
freely and equitably accessible and accessible to all people, without their identities. Laws and legal institutions must ensure that there is an equal opportunity for education, learning, leadership, and life.
Social justice is the basis for an equitable and equitable distribution of resources and opportunities
when external factors that divide people are indirect.
Although traditionally the word intended to eradicate poverty,
it has come to a broader definition where social institutions should play a broader role in ensuring equality of resources.
It can be says that all governments have a moral and ethical obligation to ensure that
all citizen have equal rights, opportunities and resources.
In many countries around the world, for example, gender categories have not been use to discriminate on the basis of law
but attention to gender, race and religion is often employed to support discrimination.
According to Rawls (1971), social justice is about justice. Justice also contributes to the empowerment of individuals, which in this case will ‘become stronger’. Rawls (1971) proposes an equitable distribution of probabilities.
Daniels (2012) criticizes Rawls for thinking that people are working full-time in the normal course of life.
Equal Opportunity Accounting does not exploit the impact of disease or disability on well-being. Daniels (2012) argues that illness and disability (whether this is physical or mental or combine may not lead to unhappiness,
even if it reduces the range of opportunities offere or available to individuals).
Rawl’s view of justice as justice, according to Daniels (2012), was not intend address health problems,
as he took a population of healthy people and argue that any society that thinks it should be fair must ensure that its members have the same basic freedoms.
In addition, society should not only provide a strong form of equal opportunity and limit inequalities to those who benefit and support those who benefit most.
Social justice depends on social change.
The principles of social justice apply to the individual, the collective, and the social levels.
Equitable access to opportunities depends on public education, early childhood intervention aimed at eliminating racial or class inequalities,
and equality of opportunity.
While Daniels (2012) argues for opportunity-based views, Sen (1992) recommends a power-based approach.
Rawls’s (1971) view of justice is a democratic state that ensure that the basic need of citizens are meet and
that citizens have the means to effectively exercise their freedom and opportunities.
The second goal is to ensure that citizens are equally equal in opportunity. This is especially when people with mental illness often lose it. The principles of social justice depend on the strengthening of social institutions.
Social justice in general (and mental health in particular) depends on the questions that Daniels (2012) raised. The basic question is: what do we owe to protect and promote health? He point that there are three supporting questions : whether life should be seen as special?
when health disparities are bad; and how can we meet competitive health need in a fair and just way when resources are limiteds ?
Health care ensures that people stay or be healthy so that they can achieve their full potential and health,
and, therefore, ensure a distinct (limited) contribution to the protection of equality.